The main types of fibers used today are Nylon, Polyester and Olefin. It is possible for fibers to become stronger and more resilient when they are woven in tighter stitch rates (more stitches per square inch) and twisted to a higher twist level. Technology has been advancing so rapidly, that since 2004 there has been more than a half dozen NEW versions of carpet fibers in the nylon and polyester field your sure to find the right product for your particular need.
NYLON is the most commonly used fiber on the market. It's feature are long wearing, great resilience, unlimited color choices, stain resistant when treated , has low piling and fuzzing when extruded in a continuous filament.
SMARTSTRAND has taken back a strong foothold in the market. Polyester fiber dyes well, produces crisp, clean colors and has excellent color retention. All of which help resists carpet color fade. Polyester carpet has a nice feel (soft & bulky), is naturally stain resistant (better than nylon), affordable and a good value. However, new polyester carpet will shed fiber for some time. This "shedding" is normal for this style carpet. 90% of Polyester is now available in continuous filament, which stops "shedding".
OLEFIN most often is used in the manufacture of commercial carpets primarily because the fibers are colorfast and resist stains better than other carpet fibers. These types of carpets crossover to residential use because of the durability and ease of maintenance, ie: basements, family rooms, children's play areas, home office & dens.
WOOL is a natural fiber that synthetics try to emulate. Wool is the only naturally sustainable carpet fiber. One of the most durable of carpet fibers, wool can last 25 to 50 years. The soft look and rich feel of wool is still unmatched by any man made fiber and can be more affordable than you think.
- Wool resists and releases soil more easily,
- is more crush resistant,
- absorbs noise and noxious gases from the air
- resists odor
- resists fire more than other fibers.